Telepractice Bibliography: Legal and Policy Issues
by Melissa McGinley and Pamela L. Brinegar


Printed Materials

ad hoc Committee on Telemedicine. "A Model Act to Regulate the Practice of Telemedicine or Medicine Across State Lines: An Introduction and Rationale." Federation Bulletin 83.2 (1996) : 81-87.

Allen, Ace. "Legal Barriers to Cross-State Telemedicine" Telemedicine Today 3.2 (1995) : 7.

Allen, Ace and J. Hayes. "Patient Satisfaction with Telemedicine in a Rural Clinic." Letter. American Journal of Public Health 84.10 (1994) : 1693.

Allen, Ace and Douglas A. Perednia. "Telemedicine and the Health Care Executive." ComNets 2.9 (1996) : 59-64.

---."Telemedicine Technology and Clinical Applications." JAMA 273.6 (1995) : 483-488.

"AMA Favors Full Licensure For Practitioners of Telemedicine." Telemedicine Business Newsletter 4.8 (1996) : 1, 7.

American Medical Association. Protecting the Confidentiality of Patient Information: Critical Safeguards Needed for the Electronic Transmission of Health Data. Chicago: AMA, 1995.

Anders, George. "Telephone Triage: How Nurses Take Calls and Control the Care of Patients From Afar; They Ask About Symptoms Much as a Doctor Does, Hold Down HMO Bills; Some Experts Fear Mistakes." Wall Street Journal 4 Feb. 1997 : A1+

Anderson, R. "Clinical System Security: Interim Guidelines." British Medical Journal 13 Jan. 1996: 109-112. 

Andersen, D.C. "The Computerization of Health Care: Can Patient Privacy Survive?" Journal of Health and Hospital Law 26.1 (1993) : 1-10.

Antalis, J. "What Are the Implications of Telemedicine on Private Practice in Georgia?" Journal of the Medical Association of Georgia 82.5 (1993) : 211-213.

Appleby, C. "From Sea to Shining Sea." Hospitals and Health Networks 70.9 (1996) : 40+.

Baer, Lee et al. "Pilot Studies of Telemedicine for Patients with Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder." American Journal of Psychiatry 152.9 (1995) : 1383-1385.

Bagby, R.J. "The Need for Preservation of Quality in Telemedicine: State Licensure." Journal of the Florida Medical Association 83.9 (1996) : 601-602.

Baldwin, F.D. "PA Physicians’ Plan for Telemedicine." Pennsylvania Medicine 99.9 (1996) : 14-18.

Barber B. and S. Douglas. "An Initial Approach to the Security Techniques Required by the Electronic Patient Record." International Journal of Bio-Medical Computing 35 supp. (1994) : 33-38.

Barber, B., D. Garwood and P. Skerman. "Security in Hospital Information Systems." International Journal of Bio-Medical Computing 39.1 (1995) : 133-138.

Barron, Alasdair. "Big Prospects for Telemedicine." The Financial Times 5 Feb. 1997 : FTS5

Bashshur, Rashid L. "On the Definition and Evaluation of Telemedicine." Telemedicine Journal 1 (1995) : 19-30.

---. "A Proposed Model for Evaluating Telemedicine." Teleconferencing and Interactive Medicine. Ed. L. Parker and C. Olgren. Madison: University of Wisconsin Press, 1980. 211-219.

---.Technology Serves the People: the Story of a Cooperative Telemedicine Project by NASA, the Indian Health Service and the Papago People. Washington, D.C.: Indian Health Service, Department of Health, Education and Welfare, 1979.-

--."Telemedicine Effects: Cost, Quality, and Access." Journal of Medical Systems 19.2 (1995) : 81-91.

 ---.Telemedicine: Explorations in the Use of Telecommunications in Health Care. Springfield, IL: Charles C. Thomas, 1975.

Bashshur, Rashid L. and Neal Neuberger. "Telemedicine and Health Policy: Is There Life After the Recessions?" Telemedicine Journal 1.2 (1995) : 151-154.

Bashshur, Rashid L., Neal Neuberger, and Suzanne Worsham. "Telemedicine and Health Care Policy: The New Federalism Taking Hold." Telemedicine Journal 1.3 (1995) : ?

Baum, A. and A. Caplan. "Teleradiology: Friend or Foe?" Radiology 201.1 (1996) : 16-17.

Baum, A. and H.L. Smits. "Health Care Financing Administration (HCFA) and Reimbursement in Telemedicine." Journal of Medical Systems 19.2 (1995) : 139-142.

Baur, H.J., U. Engelmann and H.P. Meinzer. "How to Deal with Security Issues in Teleradiology." Computer Methods and Programs in Biomedicine 53.1 (1997) : 1.

Belmont, E. and M. Brown-Beasley. "Confidentiality and Security Issues in Telemedicine." Northern New England Health Informatics Initiative News 2.2 (1997) : 2-3.

Berger, S.B. and B.B. Cepelewicz. "Medical-Legal Issues in Teleradiology." American Journal of Roent-genology 166.3 (1996) : 505-510.

Bergeron, D. et al. "Rural Minnesota Family Physicians' Attitudes Toward Telemedicine." Minnesota Medicine 78.3 (1995) : 19-23.

Bergman, R. "Letting Telemedicine Do the Walking." Hospitals and Health Networks 67.20 (1993): 46-48.

Besses, G. "Complex Practice Questions Elude Easy Answers for Providers." Telemedicine and Telehealth Networks 2.10 (1996): 37-40, 49.

"Big Sister is Watching You: Telemedicine." The Economist 11 Jan. 1997: 51.

Bloom, Diane R. Hunter and D. Williams. "Viewpoint: The Acceptability of Telemedicine Among Health Care Providers and Rural Patients." Telemedicine Today 4.3 (1996): 5-6.

Borzo, Greg. "Educated Patients: Partners or Pains?" American Medical News 10 Jun. 1996: 25.

---. "State Boards Urged to Tighten Control over Telemedicine." American Medical News 8 Jul. 1996: 3-4.

---. "States Leading the Way with Telemedicine Projects." American Medical News 21 Nov. 1994: 6.

---."Telemedicine: New Tools, Not New Medicine." American medical News 11 Nov. 1996: 55-56.

---."Telemedicine Program Demonstrates Market Value." American Medical News 29 Jul. 1996: 12-13.

Bouley, J. "Telemedicine Travails." The DO 38.4 (1997) : 44-49.

Brahams, D. "The Medicolegal implications of Teleconsultanting in the UK." Journal of Telemedicine and Telecare 1.4 (1995) : 196-201.

Brannigan, V.M. "Protecting the Privacy of Patient Information in Clinical Networks: Regulatory Effectiveness Analysis." Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences 670 (1995): 190-201.

Briggs, A.M. Sculpher, and M. Buxton. "Uncertainty in the Economic Evaluation of Health Care Technologies: The Role of Sensitivity Analysis." Health Economics 3.2 (1994): 95-104.

Brinegar, Pamela L. and Melissa McGinley. "Doctoring Long Distance." State Government News 40.4 (1997): 8-11.

Bunschoten, B. "Striking a Balance Between Access and Security." Health Data Management 4.5 (1996): 69-72.

Burdick, A.E. "Response to a Telemedicine Inquiry From the Florida House of Representatives and Text of Model Act to Regulate the Practice of Telemedicine." Telemedicine Journal 1.4 (1995): 309-319.

Burdick, A.E. and B. Berman. "Teledermatology." Advanced Dermatology 12 (1997): 19-45, 46.

"California Bill on Reimbursement for Teledicine Goes to Governor." Telemedicine Business Newsletter 4.9 (1996): 4.

"California Revises Bill to Clarify Definition of Telemedicine Transactions." Telemedicine and Telehealth Newtworks 3.3 (1997): 12-13.

Carlson, B. "Telemedicine Changing Practice of Medicine." Indiana Medicine 85.5 (1994): 352-359.

Center for Public Service Communications. The Telemedicine Factbook. Germantown, MD: AJ Publishing, Inc., 1995

---. The Telemedicine Monitor: A Guide to Telemedicine Policy, Programs and Opportunities (updated quarterly). Germantown, MD: AJ Publishing, Inc., 1995.

Cohen, J.L. and E.L. Strawn. "Telemedicine in the '90s." Journal of the Florida Medical Association 83.9 (1996): 631-633.

Council on Competitiveness. Braking the Barriers to the National Information Infrastructure. Washington, D.C.: Council on Competitiveness, 1994.

Crump, William J., Thomas E. Kottke, Douglas A. Perednia, Jay H. Sanders and Jeff Forster. "Is Telemedicine Ready for Prime Time?" Patient Care 31.3 (1997): 64-75.

Crump, William J. and T. Pfeil. "A Telemedicine Primer: An Introduction to the Technology and an Iverview of the Literature." Archives of Family Medicine 4 (1995): 796-803.

Dakins, Deborah R. "Agency Ponders Telemedicine's Role in Healthcare." Telemedicine and Telehealth Networks 3.5 (1995): 7.

---."ASP Offers Exit Strategy for Payment Policy Maze." Telemedicine and Telehealth Networks 3.2 (1997): 5.7.

---. "Blueprint Spurs Governors to Act on Overcoming Diffision Barriers." Telemedicine: The Montly Newsletter of Telecommunications in Healthcare 3.8 (1995): 5.

---. "Data Security Lags Behind Technologic Capability in Healthcare Networks." Telemedicine and Telehealth Networks 2.7 (1996): 16-19.

---. "Senate Bill Loosens LATA Rules, Increases Rural Telecom Funding." Telemedicine: The Monthly Newsletter of Telecommunications in Healthcare 2.10 (1994): 1,7.

---. "Senate Ponders Telephone Service Discounts for Rural Providers." Telemedicine: The Monthly Newsletter of Telecommunications in Healthcare 3.5 (1995): 6.

---. "Telecommunications Reform Rings Unanswered." Telemedicine and Telehealth Networks 3.3 (1997): 5-6,8.

Dalton, C.E. "Telemedicine: Gift From the Gods or Pandora's Box?" Virginia Meidcal Quarterly 123.3 (1996): 162-166.

David, Y. "Alternative Licensure Systems for Telemedicine." Letter. Telemedicine Journal 2.1 (1996): 79-80.

---. "The Center for Telemedicine Law." Telemedicine Journal 1.4 (1995): 401-402.

Del Junco, Robert and Janie Cordray. "Telemedicine Prospects and Perils: Weighing the Potentials." Federation Bulletin 83.1 (1996): 18-22.

Doarn, C.R., E.W. Ferguson, and J.C. Scott. "Survey of Global Telemedicine." Journal of Medicin Systems 19.1 (1995): 35-46.

Dobson, Roger. "Medicine Without Frontiers." The Independent 23 July 1996: S11.

Dussault, Ray. "Telemedicine Poses Regulatory Woe." The Business Journal Serving Greater Sacramento 13.5 (1996): 21-22.

Ericson, R. Peter and Robert F. Penrak. "Telemedicine May Spawn Long-Distance Lawsuits." National Underwriter Life and Health-Financial Services Edition 45 (1996): 44-46.

Ferguson, E.W., C.R. Doarn, and J.C. Scott, "Survey of Global Tele-medicine." Journal of Medical Systems 19.1 (1995): 35-46.

Fisher, G. "Telemedicine and the Payment System." Pennsylvania Medicine 98.11 (1995): 32-34.

France, F.H. and P.N. Gaunt. "The Need for Security--a Clinical View." International Journal of Bio-Medical Computing 35 supp. (1994): 189-194.

Franklin, P.L. and P.C. Hanson. "MMA Releases Comprehensive Telemedicine Report." Minnesota Medicine 79.11 (1996): 52+

Frishman, Ronny. "Healers in Cyberspace: Telemedicine." Harvard Health Letter 22.3 (1997): 9-12.

Garrett, M.K. "Telemedicine in Florida." Journal of the Florida Medical Association 84.2 (1997): 81-82.

Gelman, R. "Confidentiality and Telemedicine: The Need for a Federal Legislative Solution." Telemedicine Journal 1.3 (1995): 184-194.

Gennusa, C.R. "Technological Advancements Lift Telemedicine Into New Era." ADVANCE 10 Oct. 1994: 14-15.

Gilbert, F. "Comments to the Proposed Model Legislation Regarding Cross-State Licensure Drafted by the Federation of State Medical Boards." Telemedicine Today 4.1 (1996): 5,8,31-32.

---. "Confidentiality of Computerized Health Records." Journal of Medical Practice Management 11.1 (1995): 42-46.

---. "Selected Legal Issues in the Use of Community Health Informaiton Networks." The Journal of Health Information and Management Systems Society 9.2 (1995): 43-51.

Goldberg, Mark A. "Making Global Telemedicine Practical and Affordable: Demonstrations from the Middle East." JAMA 274.11 (1995): 8561.

Goldman, Janlori and Deirdre Mulligan, "Ensuring Patient Confidentiality in the Electronic Age." Drug Benefit Trends 8.11 (1996): 10-12, 15-16.

Goldsmith, Lee S. "Regulating in the Age of Telecommunication." New Jersey Law Journal 147.13 (1997): 36.

Gostin, L.O. et al. "Privacy and Security of Personal Information in a New Health Care System." JAMA 270 (1993): 2487-2493.

Granade, Phyllis. "Implementing Telemedicine on a National Basis--A Legal Analysis of the Licensure Issues." Federation Bulletin 83.1 (1996): 7-17.

---. "Malpractice Issues in the Practive of Telemedicine." Telemedicine Journal 1.2 (1995): 87-89.

---. "Telemedicine: A Look at the Legal Issues Confronting a New Delivery System." Medical Laaw Update Winter 1996: 1-2.

Granade, Phyllis F. and Hjay H. Sanders. "Implementing Telemedicine Nationwide: Analyzing the Legal Issues." Defense Counsel Journal 63.1 (1996): 67-73.

Greene, J. "Innovators. Sign On and Say 'Ah-h-h-h-h." Hospitals and Health Networks 71.8 (1997): 45-46.

Grisby, Jim et al. Analysis of Expansion of Access to Care Through Use of Telemedicine and Mobile Health Services. Report 1, Literature Review and Analytic Framework.

Denver: Center for Health Policy Research, 1993.

---. Analysis of Expansion of Access to Care Through Use of Telemedicine and Mobile Health Services. Report 2, Case Studies and Current Status of Telemedicine. Denver: Center for Health Policy Research, 1994.

---. Analysis of Expansion of Access to Care Through Use of Telemedicine and Mobile Health Services. Report 3, Telemeducube Policy: Quality Assurance, Utilization Review, and Coverage. Denver: Center for Health Policy Research, 1994.

---. Analysis of Expansion of Access to Care Through Use of Telemedicine and Mobile Health Services. Report 4, Study Summary and Recommendations for Further Research.

Denver: Center for Health Policy Research, 1994.

Grisgby, Jim, Margaret M. Kaehny, Elliot J. Sandberg, Robert E. Schlenker and Peter W. Shaughnessy. "Effects and Effectiveness of Telemedicine." Health Care Financing Review 17.1 (1995): 115-131.

Groves-Phillips, S., L. Lewis and J. Wynn-Jones. "Telemedicine: If It is the Answer, Then What are the Questions?" British Journal of Hospitals and Medicine 55.1-2 (1996) : 4-5.

Hanzal, Marilyn. "Telemedicine: ‘Beam Me Up, Doctor.’" Chicago Daily Law Bulletin 20 May 1996 : 5.

Hassol, Andrea. "Surprises From the Rural Telemedicine Survey." Telemedicine Today 4.6 (1996) : 5, 41.

Helmlinger, C. and K. Milholland. "Telehealth Discussions Focus on Licensure." American Journal of Nursing 97.6 (1997) : 61-62.

Hostetler, S. "Schroeder to Introduce Legislation for Presidential Commission." Telemedicine: the Monthly Newsletter of Telecommunications in Healthcare 2.6 (1994) : 1, 4.

---. "Telemedicine Enjoys its Second Wave of Popularity." Telemedicine: the Monthly Newsletter of Telecommunications in Healthcare 1.1 (1994) : 7-10.

---. "Thicket of Legal and Ethical Issues Threaten Advancement of Telemedicine." Telemedicine: The Monthly Newsletter of Telecommunications in Healthcare 1.7 (1993) : 1, 14.

Huie, Stacey Swatek. "Facilitating Telemedicine: Reconciling National Access with State Licensing Laws." Hastings Communications and Entertainment Law Journal 18.2 (1996) : 377-408.

Institute of Medicine. The Computer-Based Patient Record: An Essential Technology for Health Care. Ed. R. Dick and E. Steen. Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press, 1991.

Institute of Medicine. Committee on Evaluating Clinical Applications of Telemedicine. Telemedicine: A Guide to Assessing Telecommunications in Health Care. Ed. Marilyn J. Field. Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press, 1996.

Japsen, B. "Iowa Lawmakers OK Telemedicine Bill." Modern Healthcare 24.18 (1994) : 30-34.

Joint Working Group on Telemedicine. Telemedicine and the National Information Infrastructure (NII): Policy Issues and Recommendations. Washington, D.C.: Office of Rural Health Policy, Health Resources and Services Administration, Department of Health and Human Services, 1996.

Jones, E. "California Legislator Pushes Reimbursement Bill." Telemedicine and Telehealth Networks 2.5 (1996) : 4-6.

---. "California Governor Signs Landmark Reimbursement Bill. Telemedicine and Telehealth Networks 2.10 (1996) : 10.

---. "Industry Observers Predict Growth Trends Spurred By Bellwether Bill." Telemedicine and Telehealth Networks 3.1 (1997) : 43-44.

Jones, T.L. "Don’t Cross That Line: Texas Telemedicine Law Stirs Up National Debate." Texas Medicine 92.3 (1996) : 28-32.

Kamp, G.H. "Medical-Legal Issues in Teleradiology: A Commentary." American Journal of Roentgenology 166.3 (1996) : 511-512.

Karinch, M. What the Future Holds When You’re Ill: Telemedicine. Far Hills, NJ: New Horizon Press, 1994.

Kincade, K. "Congress Passes Telecommunications Act After Months of Intense Industry Lobbying." Telemedicine Business Newsletter 4.2 (1996) : 3-4.

---."Federation Policy Tests Legal Waters for Interstate Telemedicine." Telemedicine and Telehealth Net_works 2.1 (1996) : 7-8.

---. "Nevada Proposes Law Revising Practice of Medicine Status." Telemedicine and Telehealth Net_works 2.2 (1996) : 9-10.

---. "New Texas Telemedicine Law Requires Certification for Out-of-State Doctors." Telemedicine: The Monthly Newsletter of Telecommunications in Healthcare 3.10 (1995) : 1, 5.

---. "The Real Reason For the Licensure Debate." Telemedicine Business Newsletter 4.8 (1996) : 1.

---. "Symbolic Telehealth Legislation Sends Message to Congress." Telemedicine and Telehealth Networks 2.11 (1996) : 9-10.

---. "Telecommunications Act Advances After Congress Passes Legislation." Telemedicine: The Monthly Newsletter of Telecommunications in Healthcare 3.9 (1995) : 1, 3.

---. "Telecommunications Act Stalled as Committee Considers Rewrite." Telemedicine: The Monthly Newsletter of Telecommunications in Healthcare 3.10 (1995) : 4-5.

---. "Telemedicine Nonprofit Opens to Tackle Legal and Regulatory Issues." Telemedicine Business Newsletter 4.2 (1996) : 4-5.

Kjervik, D.K. "Public Policy: Telenursing-Licensure and Community Challenges." Journal of Professional Nursing 13.2 (1997) : 65.

Klein, S.R. and W.L. Manning. "Telemedicine and the Law." Healthcare Information Management 9.3 (1995) : 35-40.

LaMay, C.L. "Telemedicine and Competitive Change in Healthcare." Spine 22.1 (1997) : 88-97.

Lavelle, M. "Health Plan Debate Turning to Privacy: Some Call for Standards on Medical Disclosure. Is a Federal Law Necessary?" National Law Journal 16.39 (1994) : A1-A10.

Lee, C.D. "Teleradiology." Radiology 201.1 (1996) : 15.

Lee, P.R. "Models of Excellence." The Lancet 26 Nov. 1994 : 1484-1486.

Leighty, J. "California Group Develops Strategy for Telemedicine Deployment." Telemedicine and Telehealth Networks 2.11 (1996) : 13-14.

Lincoln, T.L. "Traveling the New Information Highway." Editorial. JAMA 27.24 (1994) : 1955.

Linder, A. "AMA Calls for Licensure in ‘Each State’ for Telemedicine Practitioners." Global Telemedicine Report 3.7 (1996) : 13.

Lipson, L., and T. Henderson. State Initiatives to Promote Telemedicine. Washington, D.C.: Intergovernmental Health Policy Project, 1995.

Llaurado, J.G. "Commentary on a Futuristic Model of Patient Record Systems and Telemedicine." International Journal of Biomedical Computing 43.3 (1996) : 155-160.

Lott, C.M. "Legal Interfaces in Telemedicine Technology." Military Medicine 161.5 (1996) : 280+.

Lowes, R.L. "House Calls: Better Pay May Bring Them Back." Medical Economics 73.12 (1996) : 140+.

"Malpractice in the New Millennium: Better Than Today? Managed Care, Telemedicine, Genetic Tests Create New Liabilities." Alabama Medicine 38.3 (1996) : 106-108.

Margolis, R.E. "Law and Policy Hamper Growth of Telemedicine." Healthspan 11.10 (1994) : 14-15.

Marr, P. "Maintaining Patient Confidentiality in an Electronic World." International Journal of Bio-Medical Computing 35 supp. (1994) : 213-217.

McCarthy, Daniel. "The Virtual Health Economy: Telemedicine and the Supply of Primary Care Physicians in Rural America." American Journal of Law and Medicine 21.1 (1995) : 111-130.

McCleskey, E. "Views on Impact of Telecomm Law Differ in Telemedicine Community." BNA’s Medicare Report 7.21 (1996) : 649-651.

McGinley, Melissa. "8 States Pass Telemedicine Legislation." CLEAR News 9.2 (1997) : 1, 8-9.

---. "Legislatures Consider Telepractice." CLEAR News 9.1 (1997) : 1, 8.

McIlrath, Sharon. "The Bottom Line." American Medical News 1 May 1995 : 3-6.

---. "Friend or Foe? Rural Doctors Unsure." American Medical News 10 Apr. 1995 : 1-5.

---. "Licensing: Who’s Practicing Medicine Where?" American Medical News 24 Apr. 1995 : 7.

---."To Pay or Not to Pay -- That’s a Lingering Telemedicine Question." American Medical News 1 May 1995 : 30.

---."Sorting Out the Quality Issues." American Medical News 24 Apr. 1995 : 3-5.

McLaren, Paul and C.J. Ball. "Telemedicine: Lessons Remain Unheeded." British Medical Journal 27 May 1995: 1390-1391.

McMenamin, J.P. "Telemedicine and the Law." Virginia Medical Quarterly 123.3 (1996) : 184-187, 189.

Merrell, R.C. "Telemedicine in the 90’s: Beyond the Future." Journal of Medical Systems 19.1 (1995) : 15-18.

Meyer, W.E. "Who’d a Thought?" Editorial. Kansas Medicine 97.1 (1996) : 2-3.

"Mississippi Attorney General Issues Telemedicine Opinion." Telemedlaw 1.1 (1996) : 1-2.

Moehr, J.R. "Privacy and Security Requirements of Distributed Computer Based Patient Records." International Journal of Bio-Medical Computing 35 supp. (1994) : 57-64.

Morrisey, John. "A Fuzzy Picture: So Far, High Start-up Costs, Low Volume Make Teleconsults Pricey." Modern Healthcare 27.14 (1997) : 118-119.

Morse, N. "State Policy Update." ATA News Digest Winter 1997: 8.

Moynihan, J.J. "Electronic Data Interchange (Medical Information, Confidentiality, Security)." Healthcare Financial Management 48.12 (1994) : 60-64.

Muller, C., C.L. Marshall, M. Krasner, et al. "Cost Factors in Urban Telemedicine." Medical Care 15.3 (1977) : 251-259.

Norton, S.A., C.E. Lindborg and C.B. Delaplain. "Consent and Privacy in Telemedicine." Hawaii Medical Journal 52.12 (1993) : 340-341.

Nagy, Kate. "Telemedicine Creeping Into Use, Despite Obstacles." Journal of the National Cancer Institute 86.21 (1994) : 1576-1578.

Narum, M. "New Telemedicine Law Changing Insurance Reimbursement Policies in California." Telemedicine and Virtual Reality 2.3 (1997) : 26.

Neuberger, N. "Telecommunications Act Spells Victory for Telemedicine." Telemedicine: The Monthly Newsletter of Telecommunications in Healthcare 3.7 (1995) : 8.

"New Report Claims That State-Based Licensing Hinders Telemedicine." Telemedicine Business Newsletter 5.3 (1997) : 3-4.

Office of Technology Assessment, U.S. Congress. Assessing the Efficacy and Safety of

Medical Technologies. Washington, D.C.: GPO, 1978.

---. Bringing Health Care Online: The Role of Information Technologies. Washington, D.C.: GPO, 1995.

---. Federal Government Information Technology: Electronic Records Systems and Individual Privacy. Washington, D.C.: GPO, 1986.

---. Identifying Health Technologies that Work. Washington, D.C.: GPO, 1994.

---. The Implications of Cost-Effectiveness Analysis of Medical Technology. Washington, D.C.: GPO, 1980.

---. The Implications of Cost-Effectiveness Analysis of Medical Technology--Background Paper: Methodological Issues and Literature Review. Washington, D.C.: GPO, 1980.

---. Protecting Privacy in Computerized Medical Information. Washington, D.C.: GPO, 1993.

---. Rural America at the Crossroads: Networking for the Future. Washington, D.C.: GPO, 1991.

"Payment...Telemedicine’s Potential to Save Money and Improve Care [news]." Hospitals and Health Networks 71.1 (1997) : 27.

Pendrak, Robert F., A. Fashrm and Peter Ericson. "Telemedicine and the Law." Journal of Healthcare Financial Management 50.12 (1996) : 46+.

Perednia, Douglas A. "Payment for Telemedicine Services: It May Be Time to Take a Step-by-Step Approach." Telemedicine Today: Buyer’s Guide and Directory (special issue) (1997) : 69-71.

---. "Telemedicine System Evaluation and a Collaborative Model for Multi-Centered Research." Journal of Medical Systems 19.3 (1995) : 287-294.

Phillips, Donald F. "Physicians Put Promise of Telemedicine to the Test: Reports from Rural Practitioners, Anesthesiologists." JAMA 276.4 (1996) : 267-268.

Prager, Linda O. "Medical Board Plan Would Speed Telemedicine Licensing." American Medical News 23 Oct. 1995 : 4.

Preston, M. "1997 Legislative Prospectus." Maryland Medical Journal 45.12 (1996) : 984-986.

Puskin, Dena S. "Opportunities and Challenges to Telemedicine in Rural America." Journal of Medical Systems 19.1 (1995) : 59-67.

Puskin, Dena S., Linda H. Brink, Carole Mintzer, and Cathy Wasem. "Joint Federal Initiative for Creating a Telemedicine Evaluation Framework." Telemedicine Journal 1.4 (1995) :

Rao, U.R. "Keynote Address: Global Connectivity Through Telemedicine." Journal of Medical Systems 19.3 (1995) : 295-304.

Reid, J. A Telemedicine Primer: Understanding the Issues. Billings: Innovative Medical Communications, 1996.

Richardson, B. "Doctors Can Diagnose Illnesses Long Distance, to the Dismay of Some." Wall Street Journal 17 Jan. 1996 : A1, A8.

Sandbury, L. "Legal and Policy Issues Challenge Telemedicine." Health Management Technology Dec. 1995 : 30-32.

Sanders, Jay. Interview with E. Jones. "Interactive Consult: ATA Opens Dialogue on Capitol Hill to Ease Legal and Regulatory Barriers." Telemedicine and Telehealth Networks 2.5 (1996) : 42.

---. "Future Trends: Telemedicine." Federation Bulletin 82.4 (1995) : 191-197.

Sanders, Jay and Bashsur, Rashid L."Challenges to the Implementation of Telemedicine." Telemedicine Journal 1.2 (1995) : 115-123.

Sanders, Jay and F.J. Tedesco. "Telemedicine: Bringing Medical Care to Isolated Communities." Journal of the Medical Association of Georgia 82.5 (1993) : 237-241.

Scannell, K.M., Douglas Perednia and H.M. Kissman. Telemedicine: Past, Present, Future. Washington, D.C.: National Library of Medicine, 1995.

Schanz, Stephen J. "1997: A Busy Year for Telemedicine Legislation?" Telemedicine Today 5.1 (1997) : 5.

---. 1997 Compendium of Telemedicine Laws. Raleigh: Legamed, 1997.

---. "Legislative Interest in Telemedicine Continues." Northern New England Health Informatics Initiative News 2.2 (1997) : 1.

---. "Licensure Quagmire Continues." Telemedicine Today 5.2 (1997) : 9.

---. "Rising Swell of Telemedicine Legislation." Telemedicine Today 4.6 (1996) : 7.

Schneider, P. "Telemedicine: Legal and Financial Battlefields." Healthcare Informatics 13.10 (1996) : 50-56.

Schwartz, J. "Medical Records Privacy Bill Gets Airing at Senate Hearing." Washington Post 15 Nov. 1995 : A2.

Scott, L. "Will Healthcare Accept the ‘Virtual’ Doctor?" Modern Healthcare 28 Nov. 1994 : 34-35.

Sharp, N. "Nurse Practitioners, Telemedicine, and the FCC [news]." Nurse Practitioner 21.7 (1996) : 99-100, 103.

Simpson, C. and M.A. Simpson. "Complexity of the Healthcare Crisis in Rural America." Journal of the American Osteopathic Association 94.6 (1994) : 502-508.

Siwicki, B. "Legal Issues Could Slow Growth." Health Data Management 5.4 (1997) : 107-110.

Skolnick, A.A. and W. Shelton. "Experts Explore Emerging Information Technologies’ Effects on Medicine [news]." JAMA 275.9 (1996) : 669-670.

Slipy, Shawn Marie. "Telemedicine and Interconnection Services Reduce Costs at Several Facilities." Health Management Technology 16.8 (1995) : 52-53.

Stevenson, D. "Information Security Implications for Telemedicine." SCAR News 6.4 (1996) : 9-11.

Studdiford, J.S., R.N. Panitch, D.A. Snyderman, M.E. Pharr. "The Telephone in Primary Care." Primary Care 23.1 (1996) : 83-102.

Sturgess, Gary L. "Politics and Health Care: Beyond the Federal-State Wrangle." Federation Bulletin 82.4 (1995) : 198-202.

Tachakra, S., S.T.H. Mullett, R. Freij and A. Sivakumar. "Confidentiality and Ethics in Telemedicine." Journal of Telemedicine and Telecare 2.1 supp. (1996) : 68-71.

Tangalos, E.G. "Clinical Trials to Validate Telemedicine. Journal of Medical Systems 19.3 (1995) : 281-285.

---. "Future of Telemedicine: Here and Now." The Internist Feb. 1996 : 10-13, 16.

Taylor, Kathryn S. "We’re (Almost) All Connected: Providers’ Booming Interest in Telemedicine May Spur More Development." Hospitals and Health Networks 68.18 (1994) : 42-43.

Telecommunications and Information Infrastructure Assistance Program. Lessons Learned from the Telecommunications and Information Infrastructure Assistance Program (TIIAP). Washington, D.C.: National Telecommunications and Information Administration, 1996.

"Telemedicine Brings High Quality Care to Rural Pennsylvania." Pennsylvania Medicine 97.10 (1994) : 30.

"Telemedicine: Fad or Future?" Editorial. The Lancet 14 January 1995 : 73-74.

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