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Accommodations in Higher Education under the Americans with Disabilities Act(ADA): A No-Nonsense Guide for Clinicians, Educators, Administrators, and Lawyersedited by Michael Gordon and Shelby Keiser. New York, New York: GSI Publications, 1998.[236 pp.; $35.00]

Once signed into law by President George Bush, The Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 signified a great leap forward for people with disabilities. This new piece of legislation provided for greater accessibility for the disabled but also presented a myriad of problems in determining for whom the legislation applied and to what extent accommodations would be provided for these persons. The legal ramifications of the act have produced a flurry of debates regarding the qualifying parameters in higher education institutions and the processes for determining these.

Accommodations in Higher Education under the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA): A No-Nonsense Guide for Clinicians, Educators, Administrators, and Lawyers analyzes many of these questions and offers a framework for documenting the conditions that would qualify persons under the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990(ADA). The book explores the clinical evaluation methods for determining an individual's eligibility and offers many insights into educational institutions' obligations and rights in adhering to the act's provisions.

To provide an introduction to these ideas the role of the post secondary disability service administrator (DSA) is explored in depth. The various duties of this position in the higher education setting are defined as they pertain to an understanding of the ADA's eligibility requirements.

Additionally, the role of the test accommodations administrator (TAA) is defined. This role is performed in a testing or licensing organization for purposes of determining whether or not ADA accommodation requests (for examination purposes) will be honored.

The roles of the TAA and the DSA are compared and contrasted in detail with some major differences defined. The most substantial of these is the lack of intervention on the part of the TAA in the progress of the applicants. Whereas the DSA is often a proponent for the student, the TAA determines eligibility by examining clinical documentation. Once completed the results are reviewed to determine whether special considerations for testing are supported.

Other concepts examined include the clinical standards and supporting documentation of it in determining which persons are afforded coverage under the ADA. Chapters cover legal requirements for evaluations, various disabilities, dysfunctions, and disorders.

To order , contact Guilford Publications, Inc., 72 Spring Street, New York, New York 10012, 800/431-9800(phone), or visit the Guilford Publications webpage at

GATS 2000:Opening Markets for ServicesEuropean Commission/DG I Information Unit. Brussels, Belgium:Office for Official Publications of the European Communities, 1998

Begun as a series of trade negotiations by the majority of the world's trading nations, the Uruguay Round discussions in Punte del Este, Uruguay established a new international association of governments for the purpose of trade, The World Trading Organization (WTO). The three major accords of this new global partnership (a current membership totaling approximately 130 nations) were intended to extend the trading provisions of the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT) established in 1947.The new agreements include the following: an updated GATT agreement; the General Agreement on Trade in Services (GATS), which relates to all service sector industries and intangible goods; the Agreement on Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights (TRIPS), which relates to copyrights, patents, trade secrets and other protected intellectual property.

GATS 2000: Opening Markets for Services is a new publication by the European Commission which examines the services sector industries' growth and the problems in the enforcement of licensing and qualifying requirements of service resources across international borders with respect to the GATS.

Further negotiations on this issue were provided for in the agreement and discussions have begun in earnest regarding the regulatory environment of various services including the financial, communication, and ocean transport industries. A committee has been formed to establish guidelines for regulation standards between trading partners and has already proposed that these measures be applied in the least confining manner with regards to trade.

The regulatory aspect of GATS 2000 should be of great interest to the accreditation community in the United States. With the increasing number of service sector industries and technological advancements in the U.S. mirroring the international markets, future GATS developments may serve as a model for state-to-state regulatory enforcement.

For details, contact European Commission, International Trade in Services Unit, DGI.M1., 200 Rue de la Loi , B1049 Brussels, Belgium 32/2/296/1070(phone) or visit the GATS webpage

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