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Commitment to Diversity: Strengthening Colorado's Health Professions Education Programs. Denver, CO: Colorado Health Professions Panel, January 1997 [20 pp.]

In the 1970s and 1980s, health professions undertook a major effort to recruit minorities into jobs predominantly held by white, American males through affirmative action programs. However, the recent California Civil Rights Initiative, as well as the Bakke case, indicate a shift in our current political climate that ultimately may stagnate or even eliminate incentives to foster diversity in the work place.

This brief position paper examines minority underrepresentation in the health professions and concludes a more diverse health workforce would increase minorities' use of and access to health care, which would likely increase the overall productivity of the US workforce. The Colorado Health Professions recommends strengthening "efforts to recruit and educate qualified minority students."

The paper is concise and well-researched, and includes useful statistics, research findings and testimony from experts in the field, as well as a bibliography for further study. To obtain a copy of the report, contact the Colorado Health Professions Panel, 225 E. 16th Ave., Ste. 1050, Denver, Colorado 80203. Phone: (303) 832-1109, Fax: (303) 832-1538.

Digest of State Accountancy Laws and State Board Regulations, Updated Edition. New York: American Institute of Certified Public Accountants and the National Association of State Boards of Accountancy, 1996 [162 pp.; $27 for members, $29.50 for nonmembers, plus tax, shipping and handling.]

State legislatures and the courts have determined regulating the practice of public accounting is in the public's best interest. Accountancy laws governing the licensing of public accountants and prescribing entry requirements for those who wish to hold themselves out to the public to practice accounting have been enacted in all fifty states, the District of Columbia, Puerto Rico, Guam and the U.S. Virgin Islands.

The Digest—prepared jointly by the AICPA and NASBA—summarizes the principal legal requirements that govern the licensing and regulation of professional accountants in the United States. Especially valuable to CPA firms are the requirements for continuing professional education, reciprocal certification and temporary practice in each state.

This useful reference tool includes state summary pages, comparative tabulations of state licensing requirements and the addresses of all state boards of accountancy in the United States. To order, call 1-800-862-4272 and ask for operator QV, fax 1-800-362-5066 or write to AICPA Order Department, AICPA, P.O. Box 2209, Jersey City, NJ 07303-2209.

Licensing and Credentialing in the Health Care Industry, by Eugenia Carpenter. Washington, D.C.: Department for Professional Employees, AFL-CIO, 1997 [38 pp., $3 for DPE affiliates and $4 for non-affiliates; an accompanying literature review also may be purchased for $3 or $4 respectively; ordered together, the price for both publications is $6 for affiliates and $8 for non-affiliates.]

Health care restructuring and the drive to cut costs have focused much attention on the roles America's 10.5 million health care practitioners play in the cost, quality and accessibility of health care. Their education and training is being scrutinized and debated, as is the current health care workforce regulatory system.

This paper by Eugenia Carpenter provides an overview of current thinking on licensing and credentialing issues, including a historical review, a description of recent reform proposals and legislation and a discussion of the connection between licensing and the quality of care. The paper serves as a companion to Licensing and Credentialing: A Literature Review, a Department for Professional Employees' publication listing books and articles on general policy and legal issues, health education and specific health care occupations.

The paper and the literature review are especially valuable for union staff—particularly researchers and health care policy staff—academic and local libraries and anyone interested in the rapidly changing health care industry and current labor force developments. Send orders to Department for Professional Employees, AFL-CIO, 815 16th Street, N.W., #707, Washington, D.C. 20006.

Realigning Chiropractic Oversight: A Performance Review of the Texas Board of Chiropractic Examiners. Austin, Texas: Comptroller of Public Accounts, January 1997 [25 pp.]

In 1995, the Texas legislature directed the Comptroller's office to review the effectiveness and efficiency of the operation of the Texas Board of Chiropractic Examiners. This resulting performance review looks at state laws, the Board's enforcement activities and its compliance with statutory changes instituted by the 1993 legislature.

Among the review's findings and recommendations: TBCE should undertake a series of steps to achieve full compliance with statutory changes, TBCE would greatly benefit from clear and detailed rules defining the permissible scope of practice for Texas chiropractors, TBCE should prioritize complaints and make greater use of field investigations to resolve them, and the public interest would be served by a more aggressive enforcement program.

To obtain a copy of the report, call 1-800-232-8927 or write Texas Performance Review, Texas Comptroller of Public Accounts, P.O. Box 13528, Austin, Texas 78711.