Regulatory Administration and Governance
CLEAR has developed a series of resources for those involved with regulatory administration, legislation and policy. The following information is freely available as a service to the regulatory community:
- Professional & Occupational Regulation Statutes
- Legislative Resources
- Sunrise, Sunset & Agency Audits
- Glossary of Regulatory Terminology
- Regulatory Models
Please contact Adam Parfitt with suggestions for additional resources that should be developed in this area.
District of Columbia
- State Research
- In-Depth Research
- Federal Research
- Local Research
- Topical Research
- GPO Access
- U.S. Senate Legislation & Records
- Thomas (Library of Congress)
- National Conference of State Legislatures
- Census data—U.S.
- National Center for Interstate Compacts
- U.S. Newspaper List
- Jurist Legal News & Research
- State Government and Politics
- Lobbying Ethics
Sunrise is a process under which an occupation or profession wishing to receive state certification or licensure must propose the components of the legislation, along with cost and benefit estimates of the proposed regulation. The profession must then convince the legislators that consumers will be unduly harmed if the proposed legislation is not adopted. Interestingly, professions rather than consumer groups usually seek regulation, although one rationale for this is that the practitioners understand the harm associated with professional practice better than do consumers. At least 14 states adopted sunrise legislation, although, as with sunset, the activity became more widespread through changes in legislative review processes in many states. A proliferation of voluntarily credentialed groups has reduced the number of requests for licensure placed before legislatures, although the allied health, environmental and financial professions are making progress with uniform licensure.
CLEAR also tracks individual sunrise and sunset reports on its News blog.
Please report any changes to CLEAR.
The glossary provides definitions for words and phrases commonly used in the field of professional and occupational regulation. By design it is limited in scope to broad definitions, and aims to assist meaningful conversations between international regulators. This project was initiated by the International Relations Committee of the Council on Licensure, Enforcement and Regulation (CLEAR), whose members include regulators from the United States, Canada, Qatar, New Zealand, Australia and the United Kingdom.
These documents provide a broad overview of the model(s) of regulation for professions and occupations. They are brief by design and aim to introduce the reader to the model(s) in place. The authors are involved in professional and occupational regulation in the country discussed, and their contributions are gratefully acknowledged. This project was initiated by the International Relations Committee of the Council on Licensure, Enforcement and Regulation (CLEAR).